Petition in Supreme Court regarding right to worship in Kashi-Mathura. What is the Place of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991

Kashi to restore the worship of authority in Mathura Supreme Court in appeal

Preparations for the construction of the temple in Ayodhya have been started, along with this, a petition has been filed in the Supreme Court to restore the right of worship in Mathura and Kashi, the petition has challenged the Places of Worship Act, 1991. The petition has been filed on behalf of the Vishwa Bhadra Pujari Purohit Mahasangh, an organization of Hindu priests, demanding the cancellation of the 29-year-old Places of Worship Act, 1991.

What is the Kashi-Mathura dispute?

After the Ayodhya dispute is over, a petition has been filed in the Supreme Court on the Kashi-Mathura dispute. Near the  Kashi-Vishwanath Temple  complex of Banaras , there is a Gyanvapi Mosque which is a disputed site and a case is going on in the court.

Some Hindu organizations claim that the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb broke the Kashi-Vishwanath temple in 1664 and built the Gyanvapi Mosque.

picture source: internet

On the other hand Mathura Krishna is a mosque on birth place he was also disputed built temple of Tudwakr mosque on this Aurangzeb 1669 dispute Krishna birthplace in Mathura is also related to Aurangzeb claimed some Hindu organizations dispute Is also in court. Hindus have special faith in both these places.

What was demanded in the petition?

The petitioner Vishva Bhadra Pujari Purohit Mahasangh has challenged the validity of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991, the Act said that the character of religious places existing at the time of independence cannot be changed. The petition was called Kashi-Mathura And in some other places it can be seen as an attempt to start a legal battle to reclaim disputed religious sites. The petition, which challenged Section 4 of the Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991, holds significance in the case of Kashi and Mathura where there are two disputed mosques. According to him, the Act enacted has given authority and measures against encroachment on religious property of Hindus . It stated that Parliament had no dispute court Through the process of annulment of the trial and proceedings, which is unconstitutional and beyond the power of law making, the petition stated that Parliament cannot prevent Hindu devotees from taking back their religious places through judicial process.

No such law can be made in the petition, which snatches or abrogates the religious right of the devotees, enforcing the fundamental right to religion under Article 25 of the said constitution in the petition .

What is the Place of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991?

In the 1990s, in Indian politics, there was a dispute like Ayodhya in Kashi and Mathura, in view of which the then Narasimha Rao government of the Center planned to bring a new law under which a law on July 11, 1991 Was brought to be called the Place of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991 or pleces of worship act, 1991.The purpose of this law is to curb the growing communal dispute in the name of temples and mosques. The act was passed in 1991, a year before the demolition of the Babri Masjid (1992). The most prominent provision of this law was that on 15 August 1947, the communal authority over the places of worship in India would remain unchanged. It will not matter whether a temple or a mosque has been built by breaking a place of worship or how long a community has been in possession of it. The meaning of the place of worship which was said on August 15, 1947, will remain in front of whatever community it was. However, the Ayodhya dispute was excluded from this law as the Ayodhya dispute had gone ahead.

Penal provisions

Section 6 of the Act provides for a maximum sentence of 3 years with fine for violating the provisions of the Act and if a political person is found guilty, he can be declared as commissioner to contest the election.

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